Diabetes and diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of vision loss in Australia. Many people with diabetes are unaware their eyes can even be affected or result in blindness; in fact, a lot of people with diabetes may not even know they have it.
Insulin is a hormone that regulates the level of glucose (“sugar”) in the blood. It is produced in small areas within the pancreas (an organ that sits behind the stomach, near the liver). There are two main types of diabetes, and the level of insulin plays a key role in each of these:
Both type 1 and 2 diabetes can result in blindness.
The main risk factor for developing diabetic eye problems is the length of time you have had diabetes: almost everybody who has diabetes for 15 or more years will have some eye problems. But if you keep your blood sugar well controlled, this gives you the best chance of delaying the need for any treatment.
Monitoring is an important part of caring for your eyes: everyone with diabetes needs to have their eyes examined regularly, and this should be built into your diabetes care with your general practitioner. How often you need your eyes checked varies according your individual circumstances: e.g. your age, where you live, and how much damage you have already.
Testing is also an important part of caring for your eyes. It also helps us to decide if and when you need treatment, and what type of treatment is best for you.
Treatment of diabetic retinopathy can involve
The first picture shows a lot of lipid (fat) in the central macula.
In the second picture, most of the lipid is gone as a result of our treatment. This patient’s vision was saved.
Telephone07 4775 6686
Facsimile07 4775 6550
Suite 1, 132-134 Ross River Road, Mundingburra Qld 4812